5. ADD AN INNER BORDER
I like to add a 2 pixel inner frame to contain [or set the edges] of the image. In doing so, you have to first select the color of the inner frame. Some folks like to use a color that is similar to the key color in an element of the image being framed. For example, in this image [leaves] I've used a blue inner frame to mirror the blue in the tree trunk. And, in this image [shrub], I've used a gray that mirrors the gray in the shrub. And, here [tiger lily] I've used a red-orange to mirror the color of the flower.
Use the eyedropper tool [eyedropper] to select the color of the inner boundary frame. The left box is the foreground color. The right, lower box is the background color. The double headed arrow allows you to switch back and forth.

I'm framing a black and white image, and I've selected black as the background color for my inner frame.

To set the background color, use the eyedropper and click on the color in the image you want for the inner frame. That will put the color into the foreground color box. Click on the double headed curved arrow and it will switch your select color to the background color box.

Go to the IMAGE MENU -> select CANVAS SIZE. This will give you the canvas size dialogue box.

Leave the 'relative' box unchecked, and change the width and heights to correspond to the size of the inner frame/boundary that you want. I want a 2 pixel boundary, so I will add 4 pixels to width and 4 pixels to height. And, here's how my image looks at this point.
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