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"Mount your Horses, Workers and Peasants!" the poster exhorts, and the unity of the "goal" is seen to be compellling enough to unite horses and even men of decidedly different breeds and ethnic origins.  A powerful message in a brief compass.

Another combination of text and art is calligraphic poetry.  Depending on the work in question, these may feature the text, or the image, or find a balance between them.  This example is Apollinaire's "II pleut" translated by Oliver Bernard and retaining the shape of the original.


What's particularly of interest here is that this is a typeset shape poem, unlike most, which are hand-calligraphed.  Apollinaire was taking advantage of new advances in typography which made precise positioning of type not within the standard rows and columns simpler to do.  In this instance, the text is supported by the typography, and while it could stand in a more typical stanze-ed format, it is clearly enhanced by the present treatment.  Perhaps we could also allow that the art herein presented might stand on its own, but it is still fairly meagre. 

This fifth image is a deliberate attempt to utilize text as a focal element within painting.  Magritte's "The Two Mysteries" intentionally blurs the line between that which represents, and that which is represented.
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